（１４）Why is the Mona Lisa the best-known painting in the entire world ? A simple glimpse at even some of her features ― her silhouette, her eyes, perhaps her hands ― brings instant recognition even to those who have no taste or passion for painting.（東京大学）
（１３）①A recently published book/ ②by an eminent sociologist/ ③describes/ ④a number of studies/ ⑤which have indeed shown/ ⑥that once a person's income/ ⑦is above the poverty level,/ ⑧an increasingly larger one/ ⑨contributes/ ⑩next to/ ⑪nothing to happiness.
（１３）A recently published book by an eminent sociologist describes a number of studies which have indeed shown that once a person's income is above the poverty level, an increasingly larger one contributes next to nothing to happiness.（京都大学）
（１２）①If it were not for/ ②books,/ ③each generation/ ④would have to rediscover/ ⑤for itself/ ⑥the truths of the past./ ⑦But/ ⑧books give us/ ⑨a permanent, accurate record/ ⑩of what others have thought/ ⑪about the very problems/ ⑫that face us now./ ⑬Those books/ ⑭which have made a lasting contribution/ ⑮to man's quest for truth,/ ⑯we call great books.
（１２）If it were not for books, each generation would have to rediscover for itself the truths of the past. But books give us a permanent, accurate record of what others have thought about the very problems that face us now. Those books which have made a lasting contribution to man's quest for truth, we call great books. （神戸市外大）